ZAMI 2018 Declarations

Zimbabwe Alternative Mining Indaba (ZAMI) 2018 

Holiday Inn, Bulawayo 

10-12 October 2018 


We, communities affected by mining activities, civil society organisations (CSOs), faith based organisations (FBOs), social movements, small scale miners, academia, traditional chiefs, local government representatives, parliamentarians, community share ownership trusts, relevant government ministries, departments and agencies, business entities, academia and media met for the 7th edition of the Zimbabwe Alternative Mining Indaba at the Holiday Inn Hotel, Bulawayo from 10  to 12 of October 2018 and jointly organised by the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA), Zimbabwe Council of Churches (ZCC) and Zimbabwe Coalition on Debt and Development (ZIMCODD), 


Deeply concerned by the lack of Accountability and Transparency in the Governance of Mineral Resources, by the relaxation of mining laws by the Government (of Zimbabwe) in order to attract foreign investments and by neglect of community engagement across the whole mining value chain, by deeply fragmented state of the nation, hindering the transformation of the economy for empowerment and prosperity 


Mindful of our responsibility as citizens of Zimbabwe to participate and contribute in addressing gaps and shortfalls in the legislative framework governing mines and minerals in Zimbabwe, 


Convinced that the adoption of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative(EITI) and domestication of the Africa Mining Vision will greatly contribute to safeguarding development interests of local communities in the mining sector reforms, 


Urging the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development to increase transparency in mining contracting process to improve accountability,  


Reaffirm the ZAMI as a legitimate platform for multi-stakeholder engagement to discuss the various challenges and opportunities characterizing the country’s mining sector, 


Declare and prescribe the following thematic recommendations as agreed at the 2018 ZAMI: 

  1. Gender and Extractives 
  • Inclusive policies that recognize women’s participation in mining and increase equity and equality in the mineral value chain. 
  • Legislative and policy measures that safeguard development interests of local small-scale women led investments. 


  1. Tax Justice and Illicit Financial Flows 
  • Enactment of new Mines and Minerals Act
  • Enactment of the Exploration Bill
    • Enactment of a legislation that makes it mandatory for mining investors to cede shares and promote community-based value addition and beneficiation. 


  1. Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)
  • Parliament to promulgate law clearly outlining procedure for relocation compensation for mining and other investment related relocations
  • Government should make mandatory for every investor in mining sector to acquire a social license before commencing operations.
  • CSOs to continue capacitating mining communities to extract maximum benefits through constructive engagement with both investors and policy makers.


  1. Value-based economic recovery and empowerment agenda
  • Building unity and social cohesion must be an integral part of the values based economic recovery and reform agenda,
  • A society that is underpinned by four broad values of Accountability (Luke 16:2), caring (Mtt15:32, justice (Gen 1:26) and integrity (Psalms 51:10). 
  • The Church should speak out the truth and call spade a spade in enforcing the values based economic recovery and empowerment agenda.


  1. Farmer Miner Conflict
    • Safeguarding other livelihood activities particularly farming in the pursuit mining investment.
    • Enact a deliberate policy to maximize the linkages between agriculture and mining for sustainable development of rural economies,  
    • Respect the rule of law to protect the environment and community’s development interests.
    • Explore the linkages and opportunities presented by the farmer and the miner with regards to resource sharing for example water and irrigation infrastructure 


  1. Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining
  • Government should come up with an enabling policy and legal environment for community control and optimal benefits from mining through Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining. This is in line with Section 13 (4) on national development which requires the state to put in place mechanism to ensure communities benefit from resources in their localities.  
  • Government should ensure optimal linkages between increased ASM gold production and sustainable rural economic growth and broad based socio-economic development. 
  • There is urgent need to explore innovative mechanism to deal with wanton violence taking place in ASM. For instance, use of civil suits to compensate for medical expenses, pain and loss of income and counselling services for the victims.


  1. Mining and Climate Change
  • Mining companies should minimize water consumption and disclose their water consumption levels given the competing needs of the resource.
  • Local authorities should develop climate and gender sensitive actions in the extraction of resources found in their locations



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