Compliance with emission standards by industry is poor. In the energy sector, there is limited application, adoption and investment in clean technologies and practices by the business sector. Many companies are using antiquated equipment with high pollution levels.

Sources of livelihoods have been lost and poverty levels are increasing

 

The country is also faced with an energy crisis of immense proportions due to the acute electricity shortages. In the above context, the possibilities of public-private partnerships in clean energy production and climate change adaptation should be investigated and policy options recommended. The challenge for us in the next five years is to generate knowledge that can help bridge the gap between scientific evidence, policy making and community livelihoods and human rights.